Advanced Earth System Modelling Capacity (ESM): a Contribution to solving Grand Challenges
Advanced Earth System Modelling Capacity is a Cross-Cutting Activity in the new research program "Changing Earth – Sustaining our Future" (2021–2027). Work concentrates on enhancing the representation of Earth system model compartments, for which world-leading expertise is available within the consortium. Another cornerstone of the project will be the development of a flexible framework for the effective coupling of Earth system model components. Furthermore, advanced data assimilation capacity will be developed, which will bring our ability to combine Earth system models with observations to the next level. The Earth system modelling infrastructure will be used in a set of coordinated simulations – referred to as frontier simulations – that push the boundaries of existing knowledge.