A marine biogeochemistry model, TRACY-MOPS (TRAcer Calibrated cYcles | Model of Oceanic Pelagic Stoichiometry), has been implemented into the Flexible Ocean and Climate Infrastructure (FOCI, see presentation by Jan Harlaß). With this implementation the global carbon cycle in FOCI is closed and we can study not only climate carbon cycle interaction but also marine biology climate interactions at the comparatively high resolution that FOCI provides (~1.8° horizontal resolution in the atmosphere model and 0.5° in the ocean model).
MOPS describes marine biology in terms of cycling nutrients (phosphate and nitrate), phytoplankton, zooplankton, detritus, and dissolved inorganic matter (Kriest and Oschlies 2015). Optimal values and uncertainty envelopes have been determined for the biogeochemical parameters via calibration against climatologies of observed macronutrients and oxygen (Kriest 2017; Kriest et al. 2017). The parameters have been further adjusted in an implementation of TRACY-MOPS in NEMO (the ocean model component of FOCI).
Sea-air gas exchanges, for oxygen and carbon dioxide, follow the Ocean Model Intercomparison Project protocol (Orr et al. 2017). The carbonate chemistry description is also based on Orr et al. 2017 and on Orr and Epitalon (2015), with the main deviation being that pH is not calculated iteratively but using a simplified and computationally-efficient method (Follows et.al. 2006).
The global distribution of air-sea carbon dioxide aligns with observations in first trial simulations. A spin-up simulation under pre-industrial conditions is running.
Kriest, I., A. Oschlies. 2015. “MOPS-1.0: Towards a Model for the Regulation of the Global Oceanic Nitrogen Budget by Marine Biogeochemical Processes.” Geoscientific Model Development
Kriest, I. 2017. “Calibration of a Simple and a Complex Model of Global Marine Biogeochemistry.” Biogeosciences
Kriest, I., V. Sauerland, S. Khatiwala, A. Srivastav, A. Oschlies. 2017. “Calibrating a Global Three-Dimensional Biogeochemical Ocean Model (MOPS-1.0).” Geosci. Model Dev.
Follows, M. J. et.al. 2006. “On the Solution of the Carbonate Chemistry System in Ocean Biogeochemistry Models.” Ocean Modelling
Orr, J. C. et al. 2017. “Biogeochemical Protocols and Diagnostics for the CMIP6 Ocean Model Intercomparison Project (OMIP).” Geosci. Model Dev.
Orr, J. C., J. M. Epitalon. 2015. “Improved Routines to Model the Ocean Carbonate System: Mocsy 2.0.” Geosci. Model Dev.
Matthes, K. et.al., FOCI reference paper, in prep.
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